GES-2 is a decommissioned power plant in Moscow. The power plant occupied a complex of buildings at 15 Bolotnaya Embankment in the Yakimanka area and operated in 1907-2015. After the closure, the buildings were transferred to the V-A-C Foundation for Contemporary Art, which began the reconstruction of the building into an art center. The opening took place on December 4, 2021.
In 2009, the GES-2 building received the status of a cultural heritage site of regional significance.
The reconstruction project includes the restoration of the original historical appearance of the power plant and the rethinking of its interior space. It involves turning to the principles of energy efficient and sustainable architecture - using solar panels, drawing clean air through pipes built up to 70 meters and collecting rainwater, and the roof of the turbine hall is planned to be made of glass to provide natural light during daylight hours. The architects plan to use the nave of the main building as a large exhibition space with an area of 1300 m², the smaller rooms as separate exhibition halls.
Blue pipes are one of the main visual accents of the building, and this color is not chosen by chance. Architects from Renzo Piano Building Workshop wanted them to differ from usual pipes associated with smoke and pollution. These pipes could be called “the lungs the building is breathing through” as they don’t pollute, they purify air. And after the analysis of the city’s color landscape this particular color was chosen as the most appropriate.
The architects were very considerate about keeping the original appearance of GES-2. They tried not to replace the old elements where possible. For example, the original Shukhov’s farms were fixed. At the same time reproducing the old farms was not the goal. On the opposite, architects and engineers added new elements – subtended angles, bracing, – to strengthen the structure.
The building contains a library, a bookstore, a cafeteria and an auditorium with 350 seats. In front of the main entrance to the art center, a small square is located, from which visitors enter the inner “street” surrounded by exhibitions, to the west of the building of the art center a birch grove of 600 trees is planted and objects of public art are located, from the side of the Moscow river there should be located walking canopy. The area of the art center together with the underground parking is 30.7 thousand square meters. Planned attendance - 750 thousand people a year.
«Metropolis» team participated in the project and developed concept, project documentation and detail design for structural and internal engineering solutions.
- Year 2021
- Location Moscow, Bolotnaya embankment, 15
- Area 40 000 m2
- Number of storeys 4 levels
- Number of underground storeys 2
- Status Built
- Architecture Renzo Piano Building Workshop, APEX
- Architectural and structural design Structural solutions
Design of internal engineering systems
Heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems
Water supply and sewerage systems
Power supply systems
Automation and dispatching systems
- Special sections Energy efficiency