According to realtors, small-sized housing is stably in demand, and its market share is 5-7 percent. The obvious advantage of the "small size" is, of course, their price. This is especially true of the secondary market with apartments with an area of 18-20 "squares" in Khrushchev’s houses.
Ksenia Pashkevich, the leading architect of the Metropolis company, told the publication “Everything about the world of construction” about the demand for small-sized housing in the modern market.
The issue of housing is on the agenda, but it is by no means a problem only in our country. The need of modern society for affordable, and most importantly own housing, exists in every state. The theme of mini-apartments over the past 10 years has reached its zenith in the countries of Europe and America. The concept of mini-houses is just starting to come to Russia, trying to take pride of place in the modern typology of housing. Japan, one of the first to implement the concept of mini-apartments. In Nakagin, the capsule tower was built in Tokyo by the Japanese architect Kise Kurokawa. The area of one capsule for living was 12 square meters and was equipped with everything necessary. The main idea of the capsule house was the mobility of the capsules, if the capsule was damaged or obsolete, it could easily be replaced with a new one. It would seem that it could be better. However, this concept did not take root even in the conditions of "crowded" Japan. Today, the building is in decline, and most of the owners have signed documents for the demolition of the building.
At the same time, in America and Europe there are wonderful mini-apartment projects for individual projects. The area of these apartments varies from 7 to 25 square meters. The apartments have intricate layouts and meet modern needs for a comfortable stay.
For example, an apartment in the center of Rome, a few meters from St. Peter's Square. The area of the apartment is only 7 square meters. The owner of the apartment, architect Marco Pirazzi, thanks to the high ceiling, divided the space into two levels, which allowed him to place the bedroom, rest, kitchen and eating areas, as well as the bathroom on such a small area. Many people, especially young people, no longer need a separate kitchen and an isolated corridor, they need a house. Affordable, convenient, comfortable, mini - house. Current standards are outdated and require revision. The task gives a tremendous impetus for the development of architectural, engineering and constructive thought. Since it is required to design not Khrushchevka, but smart and high-tech spaces.
However it is a double-edged sword. And the concept of mini-apartments has a number of positive and negative sides. Let's look at all the positive and negative aspects of this concept.
The positive aspects include:
- High building density;
- The relative cheapness of a square meter;
- Typification of projects;
- High profitability of construction companies.
The negative sides of small housing:
- Frequent diseases in violation of the microclimate;
- Injury hazard;
- Psychological abnormalities with long stays in cramped conditions;
- Expensive service with modern technological equipment and transforming furniture.
Mini-housing is becoming increasingly popular in the real estate market. It is affordable for young people who are less sensitive to the requirement of an isolated space in the kitchen, living room and bedroom. It can also be claimed as rental housing for temporary residence. At the same time, it should not infringe on social and sanitary-hygienic standards of housing.