HowHow difficult it is to build a skating rink?
This year, an indoor skating rink of the Olympic Village-80 Sports Complex appeared on the Moscow sports map. The main sections of the project, including architecture, structures and internal engineering systems, the company "Metropolis" completed by its own designers.
Olga Galanina, the chief architect of the Metropolis company projects, and Fedor Isaev, the chief designer of the Metropolis company, shared the history of designing the skating rink for the thematic December issue of the Sport Build (No. 9, December 2019) about ice, sports and business on ice..
The indoor ice rink in the Olympic Village is a single volume with dimensions of 52 × 80 m and a height of 16.5 m. The ice rink hall with a height of 12 m contains a large ice field of 61 × 30 m, ice training grounds and stands for 284 seats. The rest of the building, L-shaped adjacent to the volume of the ice rink on two sides (the so-called administrative building, hereinafter AB), is divided into 3 above ground floors. On the 1st floor of the AB there are locker rooms, wardrobes, premises of the reception and lobby group. On the 2nd floor there is a training room with a group of locker rooms, a buffet and technical rooms. On the 3rd floor there is a gym with a group of locker rooms, rooms for staff and administration, technical rooms. In the basement are technical rooms. In the building, 108 athletes can train at a time.
Iron and steel
The skeleton of the ice arena was made using steel structures: columns and trusses with a span of 35 m, and the AB structures in monolithic reinforced concrete. The refrigeration center was located in the basement, and the coolers themselves were on the roof of the AB. When selecting equipment for dry coolers, noise parameters were calculated, since there is a living area nearby.
Fire protection of metal structures was carried out by a paint intumescent coating in order to increase the fire resistance limit to 120 minutes. When assigning structural profiles and shaped elements, it was taken into account that the reduced metal thickness was at least 5.8 mm according to the requirements of fire safety standards. The roof of the ice rink hall was designed from sandwich panels of element-wise assembly with the required fire resistance of at least 30 minutes. The roof covering is made of PVC membrane.
The exterior walls of the building is designed in a ventilated facade system, with a finish with aluminum large-format panels. Panel cutting has a pronounced vertical linear pattern, which is supported by narrow stained glass inserts along the entire height of the facade from the parapet to the base. The main facade of the building, oriented towards the main stream of visitors from the side of the sports complex, is designed in the form of a broken plane with a uniform alternation of protruding teeth, and also has a more complex decorative finish. Toothed protruding elements on the one hand are decorated with lamellas, creating a graphic monochrome drawing resembling skateboards on ice, and on the other hand are filled with perforated panels with graphics on sports subjects. The panels of this facade are attached to an external steel substructure, which in turn is fixed to the racks of the ice arena frame. On the facades of the building, viewed from the side of the street (Olympic Village Ave.), decorative silhouettes of metal hockey players are installed with a separation from the plane of the facade and decorative lighting. This decision adds appeal to the appearance of the building in the dark. The monochrome solution of the facades (the white color of the facade in contrast with the dark basement, stained-glass windows and windows, perforation pattern) is sustained in the same scale with the main building of the complex and is consonant with the functional purpose of the ice rink.
The budget for the construction did not imply the cost of individual solutions in the interiors. But the authors did not leave a desire to give recognizability and brightness to the interiors, similar to its appearance, and to convey the atmosphere of a sporty holiday. It was decided to make a kind of "graffiti" in the interiors, echoing the pattern of the main facade, but with the use of color. A simple, but quite active and catchy color palette was chosen, where the bright yellow color became the dominant. On its basis, simple but dynamic graphic designs for the main spaces of the building were developed. Graphics adorned the ice rink hall, foyer and stairs. The same colors were used in the selection of tiles for showers and bathrooms for athletes. The author of the concept of interiors is Ekaterina Rubtsova. It should be noted that the builders fully supported us in this matter and very efficiently and thoughtfully completed the work on the proposed sketches.
The facility was financed from the city budget, it was important at the “Project” stage to develop a real budget for the state examination. In just four months, the company's specialists developed a project based on the BIM model, in which, along with a thorough study of architecture and designs, the communications layout and equipment layout were completed and linked. Thus, the “Project” stage was performed according to the requirements of LOD 300 for BIM modeling. Moreover, the solutions laid down at the "Project" stage were practically unchanged at the "Work Design" stage. This approach requires high costs at the “Project” stage, but at the same time significantly saves costs on the Detailed Design, which ultimately turns out to be more cost-effective for the company as a whole. So, in the section “Constructive and space-planning decisions”, a repeated examination was not required. As a result, the indoor ice rink became the finalist of the second contest “BIM-Technologies 2017”, which was held with the support of the Ministry of Construction of Russia.
The article was published in the Sport Build magazine (No. 9, December 2019).