METROPOLIS © 2019
Home, move on!
Among the engineering problems that humanity had to solve, there are those about which one thing can be said - no, it doesn’t happen, it’s impossible! It will be about moving buildings to new places. After all, the house must be very delicately “torn” from the foundation, raised, moved and managed to not be destroyed! How the builders made the houses move and what technologies accompanied this difficult but still amazing process.
Olga Lyubartseva, chief specialist of the structural design department of the Metropolis company, told the publication “Everything about the world of construction” about the reasons for the transfer of buildings and the features of technology.
The most massive movement of houses in Russia is associated with the reconstruction of Moscow in the 30s of the last century. The development plan for the master plan of Moscow formed in the years of the first five-year plans implied a series of transformations. The builders of the young country had to not only change the face of the city, improve the living conditions of the population, but also transform the streets of the city, improve the transport environment of the capital.
The streets that developed in previous centuries did not meet the requirements of modern times. The increased traffic flow required the creation of new highways by expanding the old streets. The obsolete buildings that were hindering the new transport arteries were subject to demolition, however, some of the houses still decided to save and move inland. Up to this point, there have already been known cases of moving houses, both abroad and in the Russian Empire, however, this time there was a more massive “relocation”. In this regard, a special office was created to develop methods and projects for the transfer of buildings.
The essence of the method at first glance is quite simple: after strengthening the structures, the building must be “cut off” from the existing foundation, move the mechanisms for moving under its walls and transfer to the new foundation. t sounds simple, however, as always during construction, a lot of nuances arise. The condition of the building’s structures, its total weight, distance and obstacles that it should overcome when moving it, and even the presence or absence of tenants at the time of moving it, should all be taken into account when developing the project for moving it. The weight of the first houses moved to the USSR ranged from several hundred to one and a half thousand tons. The terms of such movements ranged from 25 days. Subsequently, engineers managed to move buildings weighing up to 23,000 tons in just one night. The moving speed record is only 41 minutes. We are talking, perhaps, about the most famous building "moved" in our country - the house of the Moscow City Council. The building was transported with a massive concentration of Muscovites and the press, without interrupting the work of employees. In deciding to move this building in this way, the ideological component played a significant role - so great was the desire to demonstrate to the West the capabilities of Soviet engineers. And I must admit, it was possible to do this, this case was recorded in the Guinness Book of Records.
Read the article on the site "Everything about the world of construction"